Women are vulnerable to oral health issues during times of hormonal surges of estrogen and progesterone because it makes more blood flow to the gums. As a result, the gums are more sensitive to anything that irritates them.
During these times, this makes them more sensitive to plaque and oral bacteria that stick to the gums, causing them to become inflamed, swell, and bleed. Chronic gum inflammation ultimately invites bone and tooth loss.
Because women experience a variety of shifts in hormones during their lifetime, we recommend practicing diligent daily oral hygiene care, maintain a balanced diet to support your health, and maintain routine dental visits for optimal oral health. This will help you when you go through hormonal shifts, so you can see your dentist if you notice the following:
Stage 1 Puberty
Hormones cause oral tissues to react with swelling, reddening, bleeding, canker sores.
Stage 2 Menses
Hormonal surges before a period can cause the gums to swell and bleed, canker sores to arise, and swelling of the salivary glands.
Stage 3 Oral Contraceptives
For women taking oral contraceptives for birth control, the hormonal effects can cause dry socket after a tooth extraction. This is a condition where the blood doesn’t clot like it should in the tooth socket. It can also happen that a blood clot is dislodged after an extraction.
Stage 4 Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a potent time for hormones, making the gums particularly susceptible to inflammation. This may cause them to turn red from inflammation, accompanied by tenderness and soreness.
Stage 5 Menopause
Menopausal hormones can affect the mouth in the following ways: an altered sense of taste, a feeling of “burning” in the mouth, and increased sensitivity. Menopause is a time when dry mouth can arise, which lowers healthy saliva production. This is also a time when estrogen decreases, putting you at risk for loss of jawbone density. loss.
If your gums are giving you a reason for concern, we invite you to call 440-526-8688 today to seek treatment with our dentist, Dr. Edward Brandon. Our Edward S. Brandon DDS Inc team in Brecksville, Ohio is ready to assist you with all your oral health needs!